International strategies, Policies & Conventions


Policies & Circular Economy – overview provided by, developed by Chatham House to allow users to explore the policy and trade dynamics associated with transitioning from linear to circular economic models as well as providing analyses of the opportunities and trade-offs associated with such transitions.

2022 June OECD Global Plastics Outlook: Policy Scenarios to 2060

Publication The evolving global plastics policy landscape: An inventory and effectiveness review

Zoie Diana, Tibor Vegh, Rachel Karasik, Janet Bering, Juan D. Llano Caldas, Amy Pickle, Daniel Rittschof, Winnie Lau, John Virdin, Environmental Science & Policy, Volume 134, 2022,

UN Ocean Action

UNEP Regional Seas Programme

Aarhus Convention

Basel Convention

Rotterdam Convention

Stockholm Convention

The Global Programme of Action for the Protection of the Marine Environment from Land-based Activities (GPA)

London Convention


UN Watercourses Convention

United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea

Kyoto Protocol

Montreal Protocol

Paris Agreement

Rio Declaration